The Kidney stones are rock like masses of crystals that is a form in the kidneys. They can be painful and sometimes serious. It is important to see your doctor if you think you might have one.There are many types of kidney stones, but most often they are made from calcium. They can range from in size as small as a grain of sand to as big as a golf ball.if they run in your family, or if you have certain health conditions like obesity, high blood pressure or gout.Some medications, such as antiviral drugs, can increase your risk.But for most people, it is not known why they happen.
What Is A Kidney Stone :-
The kidney stone is a stone crystalline mineral of material formed within the a kidney or urinary tract. A Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine (hematuria) and often severe pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin. The Kidney stones are sometimes is called renal calculi.The condition of having on a kidney stones is termed nephrolithiasis. Having a stones at any one location in the urinary tract is a referred to as urolithiasis, and the term ureterolithiasis is used to refer to a stones located in the ureters.
Kidney Stone Symptoms:-
1.Pain in the back, belly, or side.
2.Pain or burning during urination.
3.Urgent need to go.
4.Blood in the urine.
5.Cloudy or smelly urine.
6.Going a small amount at a time.
7.Nausea and vomiting.
8.Fever and chills.
Kidney Stones Treatment:-
Your can be take simple painkillers like paracetamol if the pain is mild. If the pain is severe, you will need to see your doctor or go to an emergency department.Ensure you drink adequate amounts of clear fluid such as water.Most stones are small and come out on their own in the urine. You can check for a stones by the urinating through a piece of stocking.* If you do catch a stone, and keep its in a clean jar so your doctor can be find out what it is made from.A larger stone are might need to be removed by an surgeon, who can use ultrasound to break it up, or an operation to remove it.Some people are also advised to take medicine to make the urine less acidic or antibiotics if there is a kidney or bladder infection.
Preventing Kidney Stones:-
You can be reduce the risk of getting a kidney stone by:
1.drinking plenty of water
3.2.limiting drinks that contain phosphoric acid (which may be used to flavour cola and beer)
4.avoiding or treating urinary tract infections quickly
5.limiting your intake of animal protein such as meat, chicken and eggs<
6.drinking fruit juices, especially orange, grapefruit and cranberry
7.including dairy foods or alternatives in your diet
8.reducing your salt intake